The conquest of Salahuddin in Al-Quds occurred on 2 October 1186 to coincide with 27 Rajab 583 H. In this context, the month of Rajab became the symbol of the month of Al-Quds conquest. The sign of the liberation of Al-Quds and Al-Aqsa Mosque were captured strongly through Isra ‘Mi’raj event of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH that took place on the same date, and the liberation of Al-Quds by Omar also took place in the same month. The conquest of Salahuddin was among the series of struggles that his predecessors had done. His predecessors contributed greatly to paving the way of victory. Built the inner bond of Al-Quds and Al-Aqsa Mosque is among the major contributions of Salahuddin’s predecessors.
The pulpit that had been prepared by Nur al-Din Zanki, Salahuddin’s predecessor became a symbol of the struggle for the conquest of al-Aqsa Mosque. The pulpit gave a strong message in the minds and thoughts of Muslims about the preparation and mandate of the conquest of al-Aqsa Mosque. Just as the message that understood by the Companions when the Prophet PBUH stopped at the Al-Aqsa Mosque which was then in the control of the Greeks in the Isra’ Mi’raj event. The event binds the inner strength of the Companions with the Al-Aqsa Mosque. As a result, the effort of liberation of Al-Aqsa run next by Abu Bakr Ashiddiq, and the new conquest materialized in the time of Umar bin Khattab.
The conquest of Salahuddin in Al-Quds begins with the steps of the improvement and strengthening the creed of ummah. The long history of the Ummah affirms the fact that the strength of faith and creed became the main asset for victory. Established schools with ahlus sunnah wal jama’ah became among priorities that Salahuddin did at this stage. The influence of the Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt (Shia) has a great effect on the destruction of Ummah creed. Fatimid fought by Salahuddin up to its roots. It was an anticipatory step in the conquest strategy of Al-Quds, because the destruction of the Fatimid creed opened up the potential for conspiracy between the Crusaders and Fatimid in the face of the Muslims.
The next step Salahuddin did was to unite the territory and power of the Ummah around Al-Quds, thus the line of Muslims became strong and solid. Solidity and unity of the Ummah was urgently needed, seeing how many the Crusader armies gathered from all Europe countries at that time. This step was absolutely necessary despite many obstacles facing Salahuddin. From the difficulty with the attitude of Aleppo (Halab) Governor who did not want to open the door of his territory, until there was assassination attempt against him. How much effort he did to unite the Muslims.
On the battlefield, there were many battles between the Crusaders and the Muslims. The Muslim armies won more of the battle, among which the popular was the battle at Hittin which was then followed by the conquest of Al-Quds.
The effort to liberate Al-Quds was interrupted by a ceasefire between Salahuddin and Arnat, a leader of Crusader in Karak. One of the points in the ceasefire was the allowance of Islamic caravans to travel between Egypt and Sham without restriction. But this point was betrayed by Arnat. They blocked the Muslims caravan, seized all the goods and arrested the youths. They insulted the Muslims and the Prophet Muhammad PBUH.
Therefore, Salahuddin set up his army again. After the deliberations and taking an agreement, they faced the Crusaders. By Allah’s permission and through a series of efforts of the warriors, a great victory sides with the Ummah (Ahmad Yani)