Palestine is a country with full of history of civilization struggles, both in the previous historical phase and modern history. No exception today, November 29 also bring back the memory of human history in Palestine. On November 29, 1947, the UN passed 181 resolution known as partition resolution. The resolution governs the division power over Palestine into two parts, Arab state (42.88%) and Jewish state (55%), with Jerusalem as a common territory.
Efforts to divide the territories in Palestine occured in the last 10 years before its imposition on July 7, 1937, after 19 years of British occupation of Palestine. Britain takes steps to stop its mandate, and runs the project of dividing the territory.
Because got the rejection at least twice from the Arab States, at the 1937 Arab Palestinian conference and the London conference 9-2 / 10/1946, Britain took other ways immediately to use the UN path. At the same time the Jews have also started lobbying maneuvers and pressure on the US as a veto-powered state.
This power-sharing resolution became a very strategic resolution for Jewish ‘official power’ in Palestine. Were Jews satisfied with getting 55% of the territory in Palestine? Feel enough with that inhumane 181 resolution? In fact, a number of maneuvers and acts of terrorism were immediately undertaken as a strategy to disrupt the demographic order of the Palestinian nation.
A few months after the inauguration of the territorial partition, there were various humanitarian tragedies in Palestine. These included Deir Yassin massacre that causing around 200 Palestinians died at that time, followed by the expulsion of 700,000 Arabs from Palestine, as well as the declaration of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948.
Besides surely violating humanity and justice values, the division of Palestinian territory violates the law because:
First, under the terms of the UN, that the mandate’s mission was to prepare the people to independently define and build their State. If that cannot be realized, then the International trusteeship will be established to carry out mandate so that the State can manage independently.
The end of British mandate means the end of administrative power over Palestine, which means full freedom for the Palestinians as a majority entity, to run the country’s management according to the rules and values of democracy. The UN General Assembly did not enforce this provision, but directly accepts the territorial divisions.
Secondly, the general council of the United Nations has no right to change the mandate provisions, even if they see the strategic solution was the territory division, then that provision cannot be binding. The stipulation was only non-binding proposals and recommendations based on the no. 10 rules of UN Charter’s. This provision cannot challenge the basic rights of the Palestinian people.
Third, the United Nations has no right to establish a new State or to abolish the State on the ground of the UN charter.
A 30-year hiatus from the issuance of resolution 181, on 2 December 1977, the UN General Assembly-including veto-holding members-sets the date of the territorial division resolution in Palestine 29/11/47, as Palestine Solidarity Day (PSD). The party that sets the day of solidarity for Palestine is also the one issuing the resolution 181. Then, behind the description of the background of the PSD, there are a number of history lessons, related to the demeanor of the United Nations, Britain, Jewish strategy, and also the humanitarian condition of Palestine which in truth increasingly makes pity and presents a sense of caring fellow. (Ahmad Yani)