The reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas carried out by Egypt on Thursday, October 12, has raised the world’s expectation that after a decade of fierce disputes between Palestinian factions could finally end.
Surely by looking at it after many attempts of unification of Hamas and Fatah have been done and failed, this reconciliation must be deeply appreciated. We see that so much pressure happens to both sides.
The reconciliation results of both parties only reached a partial agreement, addressing civil and administrative matters. The much more debated issues such as national elections, the reform of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the armed wing of Hamas status, are set aside for consideration at the next meeting in late November 2017.
The agreements generated in this reconciliation are:
1. Rafah border security between Gaza and Egypt to be carried out by the Palestinian unity government in coordination with the EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM).
2. The administrative management in Gaza which is currently managed by Hamas will be handed over to the the Palestinian unity government on 1 December 2017,
3. The Palestinian unity government will hold presidential and legislative elections a year since the reconciliation agreement signed.
The most important, the agreement reached was to allow the security forces under Abbas’s control to monitor Rafah’s crossing between Gaza and Egypt. It will push Egypt to end the border closure, allowing goods and people to pass through and reduce the humanitarian crisis in Gaza.
Gaza police forces will be re-establish to include 3,000 Palestinian Authority officers, and Hamas officials in Gaza must be integrated into the ministry of the Palestinian Authority. The sanctions imposed by the Palestinian Authority by limiting strict entry of fuel, cutting off Gaza’s electricity supply for several hours a day, will end.
The Future of Politics in Palestine
The results of this reconciliation must be a fresh breeze in solving humanitarian and environmental problems that occurred in Gaza. Even Israel and Egypt have already declared their acceptance.
Reconciliation is something everyone wants now. The Palestinian Authority wants to extend its jurisdiction to Gaza, Hamas wants to be free from the burden of daily government in Gaza. International donors want to be able to direct money to Gaza again.
However, wider reconciliation issues are likely to be more difficult to solve.
But a steep road will come in the face of reconciliation in politics and security. Israel is concerned that one of the reconciliation agenda is the disarmament that Hamas possesses. Egypt also has an interest in this matter so that there will be no more war between Israel and Hamas. Which of course would be rejected by Hamas, looking at the history of Hamas’s struggle during this time to fight against Israel.
Hundreds of Palestinian Authority officials from the West Bank arrived in Gaza last week to begin forming a national consensus government in preparation for national elections. It’s hard to see how national elections can be made, seeing from the triumph of Hamas 11 years ago that Fatah did not recognize and cause humanitarian wars and tragedies. (Iskandar Samaullah)