The Sabra and Shatila massacre took place in two adjacent Palestinian refugee camps in Beirut, Lebanon, between September 16 and September 19, 1982, and was carried out by Lebanese Phalangists militias under the protection and support of Israeli forces.
The massacre came as a revenge for the killing of the Lebanese elected President Bashir Gemayel, leader of the right-wing Christian militias, as it was carried out two days after his assassination.
Sabra and Shatila massacre was carried out only one day after Israeli forces occupied Beirut and dominated the Palestinian refugee camps and controlled the entrance to the capital under the pretext 3,000 Palestinian fighters affiliated with the PLO were left in the refugee camps.
The Lebanese militias savagely murdered hundreds of innocent Palestinians and Lebanese including women, children, and medical crews of the neighboring hospitals.
The massacre was implemented under the supervision of the Israeli War Minister at that time Ariel Sharon, the Former Chief of Staff Rafael Eitan, and the former leader of the Lebanese Phalangists Elie Hobeika.
The exact number of victims is disputed from 900 to 3,000, especially that large numbers of unidentified victims were buried in unknown graves.
The massacre was met with indignation on the part of the international community, forcing Israeli former Prime Minister Menachem Begin to form a special commission known as Kahan Commission to investigate the massacre circumstances.
Following a four-month investigation, the Kahan Commission concluded that Sharon was deemed indirectly responsible for the massacre.
Sharon was forced at that time to resign from his office and disappeared from the political scene for long years. However, he was elected Prime Minister in 2001. During his mandate, Jenin massacre was carried out.
Sabra and Shatila massacre constituted the darkest stain on Ariel Sharon’s reputation and Israel’s colonial history.